Evaluación ecológica en el deterioro cognitivo leve y enfermedad de Alzheimer mediante el Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test

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Abstract

Introduction: The Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMT) is a short, ecologically-valid memory test battery that can provide data about a subject's memory function in daily life. We used RBMT to examine daily memory function in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer disease (AD), and in healthy controls. We also evaluated differences between the memory profiles of subjects whose MCI remained stable after 1 year and those with conversion to AD. Patients and methods: Sample of 91 subjects older than 60 years: 30 controls, 27 MCI subjects and 34 AD patients. Subjects were assessed using MMSE and RBMT. Results: The 40 men and 51 women in the sample had a mean age of 74.29 ± 6.71 and 5.87 ± 2.93 years of education. For the total profile and screening RBMT scores (P<.001) and total MMSE scores (P<.05), control subjects scored significantly higher than those with MCI, who in turn scored higher than AD patients. In all subtests, the control group (P<.001) and MCI group (P<.05) were distinguishable from the AD group. Prospective, retrospective, and orientation subtests found differences between the MCI and control groups (P<.05). MCI subjects who progressed to AD scored lower at baseline on the total RBMT and MMSE, and on name recall, belongings, story - immediate recall, route - delayed recall, orientation (P<.05), face recognition, story - delayed recall, and messages - delayed recall sections (P<.01). Conclusions: RBMT is an ecologically-valid episodic memory test that can be used to differentiate between controls, MCI subjects, and AD subjects. It can also be used to detect patients with MCI who will experience progression to AD. © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurología.

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APA

Bolló-Gasol, S., Piñol-Ripoll, G., Cejudo-Bolivar, J. C., Llorente-Vizcaino, A., & Peraita-Adrados, H. (2014). Evaluación ecológica en el deterioro cognitivo leve y enfermedad de Alzheimer mediante el Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test. Neurologia, 29(6), 339–345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2013.07.004

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