Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Artemisia campestris (Astraceae) and Ziziphus lotus (Rhamnacea)

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Abstract

The present work quantitatively evaluates the antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials of two Libyan folk medicinal plants [Artemisia campestris (Astraceae) and Ziziphus lotus (Rhamnacea)] that commonly grow in the south of Libya. The crude methanolic leaves extracts of both plants are appreciably active against Gram-positive species, associated with week anti-Gram-negative activity. These two plant extracts also showed reasonably high contents of polyphenolics and alkaloids, with minimal inhibitory concentrations between 12.5-25 and 250-1000 μg/ml for Gram-positive and Gram-negative species, respectively. Results collectively suggest that A. campestris and Z. lotus are not only reliable natural sources of antimicrobials but also potential sources of phenolic antioxidants and hence could be nominated for future intensive studies. © 2010.

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Naili, M. B., Alghazeer, R. O., Saleh, N. A., & Al-Najjar, A. Y. (2010). Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of Artemisia campestris (Astraceae) and Ziziphus lotus (Rhamnacea). Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 3(2), 79–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2010.02.002

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