Objective: To evaluate a new pharmacological activity/effect of linolenic acid (α- and γ-form) and conjugated-linoleic acid (CLA) causing antibacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Methods: The anti-Mtb activity/effect of linolenic acid and CLA were determined using different anti-Mtb indicator methods such as resazurin microtiter assay (REMA) and MGIT 960 system assay. The Mtb was incubated with various concentrations (12.5-200 μg/mL) of the compounds and anti-Mtb first-line drugs for 5 d in the REMA, and for 3 wk in MGIT 960 system assay. Results: Linolenic acid and CLA obviously indicated their anti-Mtb activity/effect by strongly inhibiting the growth/proliferation of Mtb in a dose-dependent manner in the REMA and the MGIT 960 system assay. Interestingly, linolenic acid and CLA consistently induced anti-Mtb activity/effect by effectively inhibiting the growth/proliferation of Mtb in MGIT 960 system for 21 d with a single treatment, and their minimum inhibitory concentrations were measured as 200 μg/mL respectively. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that linolenic acid and CLA not only have effective anti-Mtb activity/properties, but also induce the selective-anti-Mtb effects by strongly inhibiting and blocking the growth/proliferation of Mtb through a new pharmacological activity/action. Therefore, this study provides novel perspectives for the effective use of them and the potential that can be used as potent anti-Mtb candidate drugs, as well as suggests the advantage of reducing the cost and/or time for developing a new/substantive drug by effectively repurposing the existing drugs or compounds as one of new strategies for the global challenge of tuberculosis.
Choi, W. H. (2016). Evaluation of anti-tubercular activity of linolenic acid and conjugated-linoleic acid as effective inhibitors against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 9(2), 125–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtm.2016.01.021