Evaluation of Five Alternative CO 2 Capture Technologies with Insights to Inform Further Development

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Abstract

The high cost of CO 2 capture using amine solvents from combustion sources such as natural gas-fired power plants remains a barrier to the adoption of CO 2 Capture and Storage (CCS) as a climate change mitigation measure. The objective of the work reported in this paper was to carry out a preliminary assessment of the potential of five alternative technologies suitable for post-combustion CO 2 capture from natural gas derived exhaust gases:CO 2 permeable membranesMolten Carbonate Fuel CellsHigh-pressure solvent absorption from high-pressure exhaust gas from pressurised combustion / power generationHigh-pressure solvent absorption supported by exhaust gas compressionSupersonic flow driven CO 2 deposition The results of the performance and cost evaluation for each technology are explained and the prospects for significant cost reduction compared to a state-of-the-art CO 2 capture process are discussed. Recommendations for further technology development activity are summarised in the conclusion of the paper.

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Forsyth, J., Lodge, S., Consonni, S., Di Bona, D., Gatti, M., Martelli, E., … Viganò, F. (2017). Evaluation of Five Alternative CO 2 Capture Technologies with Insights to Inform Further Development. In Energy Procedia (Vol. 114, pp. 2599–2610). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1419

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