We evaluated PyroMark Q24 (QIAGEN) pyrosequencing as a method for the identification of mycobacteria, with potential application in clinical practice. Sequence data from the hypervariable region A of the 16S rRNA gene (43 and 35 bp sequences) were obtained using PyroMark Q24, and a similarity search was performed automatically with PyroMark IdentiFire software. Of the 148 mycobacterial type strains tested, 138 (93.2%) were accurately identified to single or clade species level, including complex level. From the remaining 10 strains, 3 (Mycobacterium gilvum, Mycobacterium goodi, and Mycobacterium thermoresistible) showed poor sequencing quality of homopolymers. For 6 other strains (Mycobacterium cosmeticum, Mycobacterium flavescens, Mycobacterium pallens, Mycobacterium hodleri, Mycobacterium xenopi, and Mycobacterium crocinum), the sequences were unreadable from the middle, and Sanger sequencing indicated biallelic site. Finally, a 40 bp sequence for Mycobacterium gordonae could not be obtained despite repeated attempts. PyroMark Q24 provided accurate identification of multiple mycobacterial strains isolated from common clinical settings, but additional gene sequencing is required to distinguish species identified as a group or complex.
Chikamatsu, K., Aono, A., Hata, H., Igarashi, Y., Takaki, A., Yamada, H., … Mitarai, S. (2018). Evaluation of PyroMark Q24 pyrosequencing as a method for the identification of mycobacteria. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 90(1), 35–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2017.09.002