The objective of this work is to analyze how the technological capability is distributed between the Mexican states and to examine their evolution. To this end, an empirical study was developed using the cluster multivariate statistical analysis technique, based on the set of indicators proposed by Cepal (2007), and gathering the data from various public sources in the country during years 2006 and 2012. This was done to study the evolution of said conglomerates, trying to see which states have been able to move to a conglomerate located in more advanced positions and which have retreated within said period. The results show the existence of 7 groups of states characterized by different levels of technological capability. Furthermore, 3 entities that evolved into a more advanced conglomerate – regarding absorption and innovation capability, as well as infrastructure technological capability – are also detected.
Pérez Hernández, C. C., Lara Gómez, G., & Gómez Hernández, D. (2017). Evolución de la capacidad tecnológica en México. Aplicación del análisis estadístico multivariante de clúster. Contaduria y Administracion, 62(2), 528–555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cya.2017.02.003