© 2018 Choi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. This study investigates the temporal changes in development of technology convergence networks by institution type, i.e., public research institute (PRI), university and industry. Using the co-classification of technological domains of patents, we identified technology convergence of Korean patents, which were filed at Korea Intellectual Properties Office (KIPO) from 1997 to 2011. We conducted a network analysis at the technology level to search for the key technology fields and frequent instances of technology convergence. The results show that technology convergence networks have grown significantly in the recent period regardless of the institution type. While industries started to conspicuously engage in technology convergence in the late 1990s, universities or PRIs did not do so until the mid-2000s. This discrepancy in the phase of technology convergence is attributed to the temporal difference in R & D stage (e.g., basic research and commercial product development). Our findings imply that corporal and governmental R & D management decision on promising technology fields will be more effective if the decision makers carefully consider the type of R & D entity in analyzing technological landscapes.
Choi, J. Y., Jeong, S., & Jung, J. K. (2018). Evolution of technology convergence networks in Korea: Characteristics of temporal changes in R&D according to institution type. PLoS ONE, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192195