Previous research has demonstrated that context memory performance decreases as a result of cognitive load. However, the role of specific executive resources availability has not been specified yet. In a dual-task experiment, participants performed three kinds of concurrent task engaging: inhibition, updating, or shifting operations. In comparison with a no-load single-task condition, a significant decrease in item and context memory was observed, regardless of the kind of executive task. When executive load conditions were compared with non-specific cognitive load conditions, a significant interference effect was observed in the case of the inhibition task. The inhibition process appears to be an aspect of executive control, which relies on the same resource as item-context binding does, especially when binding refers to associations retrieved from long-term memory.
Nieznański, M., Obidziński, M., Zyskowska, E., & Niedziałkowska, D. (2015). Executive resources and item-context binding: Exploring the influence of concurrent inhibition, updating, and shifting tasks on context memory. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 11(3), 106–117. https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0176-9