Exopolysaccharide from Ganoderma applanatum as a promising bioactive compound with cytostatic and antibacterial properties

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Abstract

A new exopolysaccharide preparation isolated from stationary cultures of the white rot fungus Ganoderma applanatum (GpEPS) was tested in terms of its bioactive properties including its cytotoxic and immunostimulatory effect. The results indicate that the tested GpEPS (at concentrations above 22.85 μg/mL and 228.5 μg/mL) may exhibit selective activity against tumor cells (cell lines SiHa) and stimulate production of TNF-α THP-1-derived macrophages at the level of 752.17 pg/mL. The GpEPS showed antibacterial properties against Staphyloccoccus aureus and a toxic effect against Vibrio fischeri cells (82.8% cell damage). High cholesterol-binding capacity and triglycerides-binding capacity (57.9% and 41.6% after 24 h of incubation with the tested substances, resp.) were also detected for the investigated samples of GpEPS. © 2014 Monika Osińska-Jaroszuk,et al.

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Osińska-Jaroszuk, M., Jaszek, M., Mizerska-Dudka, M., Błachowicz, A., Rejczak, T. P., Janusz, G., … Kandefer-Szerszeń, M. (2014). Exopolysaccharide from Ganoderma applanatum as a promising bioactive compound with cytostatic and antibacterial properties. BioMed Research International, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/743812

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