Purpose: Fatigue affects the quality of life. Evidence shows that the phenomenon of fatigue is experienced differently depending on the type of disease and its consequences. The aim of the study was to explicate the meanings of the experience of living with fatigue in chemically injured veterans. Methods: The hermeneutic phenomenology approach was used in this study, with an emphasis on Van Mennen's viewpoint and approach. According to Van Mennen, six overlapping dynamic activities are recommended to conduct a phenomenological study. During unstructured interviews, the participants were asked to describe their daily living experiences with fatigue. The participants were individuals who were chemically injured due to exposure to mustard gas. After examining every statement in the interview text, extractions of the meaning units, clustering, and themes were performed. Results: The data explication was based on the third to sixth stages of Van Mennen's approach. The experience living with fatigue was classified into four essential themes: fatigue as a chronic condition, as an unstable and affected situation, as a physical condition of the entire individual, and as a mental condition of the entire individual. Conclusion: Due to unique social interactions and pathogenicity, victims of mustard gas experience fatigue differently than patients with other chronic diseases. Copyright © 2012, Korean Society of Nursing Science. Published by Elsevier. All rights reserved.
Najafi Mehri, S., Ebadi, A., Heravi Karimooi, M., Foroughan, M., & Sahraei, H. (2012). Experiences living with fatigue in iranian veterans chemically injured by sulfur mustard gas: A phenomenological study. Asian Nursing Research, 6(4), 181–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2012.10.008