Mesh-based heterogeneous FPGAs are commonly used in industry and academia due to their area, speed, and power benefits over their homogeneous counterparts. These FPGAs contain a mixture of logic blocks and hard blocks where hard blocks are arranged in fixed columns as they offer an easy and compact layout. However, the placement of hard-blocks in fixed columns can potentially lead to underutilization of logic and routing resources and this problem is further aggravated with increase in the types of hard-blocks. This work explores and compares different floor-planning techniques of mesh-based FPGA to determine their effect on the area, performance, and power of the architecture. A tree-based architecture is also presented; unlike mesh-based architecture, the floor-planning of heterogeneous tree-based architecture does not affect its routing requirements due to its hierarchical structure. Both mesh and tree-based architectures are evaluated for three sets of benchmark circuits. Experimental results show that a more flexible floor-planning in mesh-based FPGA gives better results as compared to the column-based floor-planning. Also it is shown that compared to different floor-plannings of mesh-based FPGA, tree-based architecture gives better area, performance, and power results.
Farooq, U., Parvez, H., Mehrez, H., & Marrakchi, Z. (2011). Exploration of Heterogeneous FPGA Architectures. International Journal of Reconfigurable Computing, 2011, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/121404