Exploratory study on resilience and its influencing factors among hospital nurses in Guangzhou, China

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Abstract

Background: Currently, building resilience in nurses is recognized as an important factor that helps maintain their health and stay in their profession; thus, identifying which factors can help them build resilience is necessary. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was used, and 1356 nurses from 11 general hospitals in Guangzhou, China, were assessed using the Chinese version of the Conner–Davidson Resilience Scale, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and the Job Stress Scale of Chinese nurses. The demographic characteristics of participants were also gathered. Results: The mean total score of nurses’ resilience is 59.99 (SD 13.59), which was significantly lower (P < 0.001) than that of the general people in China. The regression analysis affirmed that the factors which influence the resilience of nurses include self-efficacy, coping style, job stress, and education level (R2= 49.4%, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Nurses had low resilience. They could not effectively cope with job challenges and recover from adversity. Strengthening self-efficacy, choosing active coping, decreasing job stress, and enhancing educational training can effectively improve their resilience.

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Ren, Y., Zhou, Y., Wang, S., Luo, T., Huang, M., & Zeng, Y. (2018). Exploratory study on resilience and its influencing factors among hospital nurses in Guangzhou, China. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 5(1), 57–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2017.11.001

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