Background: Mutation of NKX2-5 could lead to the development of congenital heart disease (CHD) which is a common inherited disease. This study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis of CHD in NKX2-5 knock-out embryonic mice. Methods: The expression profile in the NKX2-5 knock-out embryonic mice (GSE528) was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. The heart tissues from the null/heterozygous embryonic day 12.5 mice were compared with wild-type mice to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs), and then DEGs corresponding to the transcriptional factors were filtered out based on the information in the TRANSFAC database. In addition, a transcriptional regulatory network was constructed according to transcription factor binding site information from the University of California Santa Cruz database. A pathway interaction network was constructed by latent pathways identification analysis. Results: The 42 DEGs corresponding to transcriptional factors from the null and heterozygous embryos were identified. The transcriptional regulatory networks included five down-regulated DEGs (SP1, SRY, JUND, STAT6, and GATA6), and six up-regulated DEGs [POU2F1, NFY (NFYA/NFYB/NFYC), USF2 and MAX]. Latent pathways analysis demonstrated that ribosome, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, and dilated cardiomyopathy pathways significantly interacted. Conclusion: The identified DEGs and latent pathways could provide new comprehensive view for understanding the pathogenesis of CHD.
Li, J., Cao, Y., Wu, Y., Chen, W., Yuan, Y., Ma, X., & Huang, G. (2015). The expression profile analysis of NKX2-5 knock-out embryonic mice to explore the pathogenesis of congenital heart disease. Journal of Cardiology, 66(6), 527–531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2014.12.022