Some of the first insights into how the brain controls eye movements were provided by studies of clinical disorders of gaze control. Application of modern imaging and novel stimulus paradigms has made it possible to test current hypotheses for gaze control by studying patients with well-defined disorders of eye movements. This approach has provided insights into extraocular muscle function, brain stem and cerebellar control, and higher cognitive functions such as memory. Basic concepts have also translated into improved diagnosis and development of new therapies. © 2009 Published by null.
Leigh, R. J., & Gross, M. (2010). Eye Movement Disorders. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 169–177). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01093-7