Centromere identity and function is determined by the specific localization of CenH3 (reviewed in [1-7]). Several mechanisms regulate centromeric CenH3 localization, including proteasome-mediated degradation that, both in budding yeast and Drosophila, regulates CenH3 levels and prevents promiscuous misincorporation throughout chromatin [8, 9]. CenH3 CENP-A proteolysis has also been reported in senescent human cells  or upon infection with herpes simplex virus 1 . Little is known, however, about the actual mechanisms that regulate CenH3 proteolysis. Recent work in budding yeast identified Psh1 as an E3-ubiquitin ligase that mediates degradation of CenH3 Cse4p [12, 13], but E3-ligases regulating CenH3 stability in metazoans are unknown. Here, we report that the F box protein partner of paired (Ppa), which is a variable subunit of the main E3-ligase SCF [14-17], mediates CenH3 CID stability in Drosophila. Our results show that Ppa depletion results in increased CenH3 CID levels. Ppa physically interacts with CenH3 CID through the CATD CID that, in the fly, mediates Ppa-dependent CenH3 CID stability. Altogether, these results strongly suggest that, in Drosophila, SCF Ppa regulates CenH3 CID proteolysis. Interestingly, most known SCF complexes are inactive when, at mitosis, de novo CenH3 CID deposition takes place at centromeres, suggesting that, in Drosophila, CenH3 CID deposition and proteolysis are synchronized events. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Moreno-Moreno, O., Medina-Giró, S., Torras-Llort, M., & Azorín, F. (2011). The F box protein partner of paired regulates stability of drosophila centromeric histone H3, CenH3 CID. Current Biology, 21(17), 1488–1493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2011.07.041