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Differential antibody responses to Giardia lamblia strain variants expressing dissimilar levels of an immunogenic protein

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Abstract

Aims: Giardia lamblia is a protozoan parasite that causes giardiasis, one of the most common worldwide gastrointestinal diseases. For rational development of a Giardia vaccine, increasing our understanding of the host-Giardia interaction is crucial. In this study, we analysed the immunogenicity and antigenicity of two G lamblia strain variants [GS and GS-5G8 (+)], which express different levels of the variant-specific surface protein (VSP) 5G8 and also analysed the intestinal histological changes associated with Giardia infection. Methods and results: We evaluated the antibody responses induced by G lamblia strains in infected, reinfected and immunized C3H/HeJ mice using ELISA, flow cytometry, Western blotting and histological analysis. Our results showed that G lamblia GS-5G8 (+) was more immunogenic and antigenic than the GS strain. The antibody response against the GS-5G8 (+) strain primarily recognized 5G8 protein. Serum antibody from infected and reinfected mice exhibited specific agglutination of trophozoites in vitro. GS-5G8 (+)-infected mice showed higher CD19+ infiltrating cell levels compared to GS-infected animals. Conclusion: G lamblia strains with different expression levels of an immunogenic antigen (VSP 5G8) induce differential antibody responses. A better understanding of the immunogenic proteins of G lamblia will contribute to the rational development of an effective vaccine against this parasitic disease.

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Garzon, T., Valencia, L., Dominguez, V., Rascon, L., Quintero, J., Garibay-Escobar, A., … Velazquez, C. (2020). Differential antibody responses to Giardia lamblia strain variants expressing dissimilar levels of an immunogenic protein. Parasite Immunology, 42(10). https://doi.org/10.1111/pim.12767

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