Nowadays and based on the globalization in the markets, optimization in manufacturing enterprises is strongly recommended and addressed to identify the time and cost to be sustainable. Although there are several issues/aspects that must be incorporated to achieve the targeted sustainability index, optimizing these indexes still need more attention from academicians and practitioners. The main goal of this paper is to optimize the sustainability index taking into consideration time and cost criteria. To achieve this goal, sustainability models were developed based on two mathematical formulations: minimum sustainable time and minimum sustainable cost. These sustainability optimization models are taken into consideration the triple bottom line (TBL): economic; social and environmental aspects and their associated issues/aspects.
Garbie, I. H. (2015). Sustainability optimization in manufacturing enterprises. In Procedia CIRP (Vol. 26, pp. 504–509). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.085