The hepatitis A virus 3C protease and 3D RNA polymerase are present in low concentrations in infected cells. The 3C protease was previously shown to be rapidly degraded by the ubiquitin/26S proteasome system and we present evidence here that the 3D polymerase is also subject to ubiquitination-mediated proteolysis. Our results show that the sequence 32LGVKDDWLLV41 in the 3C protease serves as a protein destruction signal recognized by the ubiquitin-protein ligase E3α and that the destruction signal for the RNA polymerase does not require the carboxyl-terminal 137 amino acids. Both the viral 3ABCD polyprotein and the 3CD diprotein were also found to be substrates for ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. Attempts to determine if the 3C protease or the 3D polymerase destruction signals trigger the ubiquitination and degradation of these precursors yielded evidence suggesting, but not unequivocally proving, that the recognition of the 3D polymerase by the ubiquitin system is responsible. © 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
Losick, V. P., Schlax, P. E., Emmons, R. A., & Lawson, T. G. (2003). Signals in hepatitis A virus P3 region proteins recognized by the ubiquitin-mediated proteolytic system. Virology, 309(2), 306–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6822(03)00071-0