Dependence on the Lazaro Phosphatidic Acid Phosphatase for the Maximum Light Response

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The Drosophila phototransduction cascade serves as a paradigm for characterizing the regulation of sensory signaling and TRP channels in vivo [1, 2]. Activation of these channels requires phospholipase C (PLC) and may depend on subsequent production of diacylglycerol (DAG) and downstream metabolites [3, 4]. DAG could potentially be produced through a second pathway involving the combined activities of a phospholipase D (PLD) [5] and a phosphatidic acid (PA) phosphatase (PAP). However, a role for a PAP in the regulation of TRP channels has not been described. Here, we report the identification of a PAP, referred to as Lazaro (Laza). Mutations in laza caused a reduction in the light response and faster termination kinetics. Loss of laza suppressed the severity of the phenotype caused by mutation of the DAG kinase, RDGA [6, 7], indicating that Laza functions in opposition to RDGA. We also showed that the retinal degeneration resulting from overexpression of the PLD [5] was suppressed by elimination of Laza. These data demonstrate a requirement for a PLD/PAP-dependent pathway for achieving the maximal light response. The genetic interactions with both rdgA and Pld indicate that Laza functions in the convergence of both PLC- and PLD-coupled signaling in vivo. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Kwon, Y., & Montell, C. (2006). Dependence on the Lazaro Phosphatidic Acid Phosphatase for the Maximum Light Response. Current Biology, 16(7), 723–729.

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