The synthesis and usage of a wide range of organic compounds have shown a considerable increase in the past few decades. Many of these compounds are potential pollutants for the environment. They differ from each other in their chemical structure and properties. Correspondingly different separation strategies are required for their separation. There is need to assess the human exposure to these chemicals and to identify and develop analytical methods for their identification. In this chapter we have presented some methods for the separation and the analysis of the organic pollutants like dyes, phenolic pollutants, phthalates, endocrine disrupting chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, explosives, agricultural pesticides, and toxins.
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