Clostridium beijerinckii CC101 was engineered to overexpress aldehyde/alcohol dehydrogenase (adhE2) and CoA-transferase (ctfAB). Solvent production and acid assimilation were compared between the parental and engineered strains expressing only adhE2 (CC101-SV4) and expressing adhE2, ald and ctfAB (CC101-SV6). CC101-SV4 showed an early butanol production from glucose but stopped pre-maturely at a low butanol concentration of ∼6 g/L. Compared to CC101, CC101-SV6 produced more butanol (∼12 g/L) from glucose and was able to re-assimilate more acids, which prevented “acid crash” and increased butanol production, under all conditions studied. CC101-SV6 also showed better ability in using glucose and xylose present in sugarcane bagasse hydrolysate, and produced 9.4 g/L solvents (acetone, butanol and ethanol) compared to only 2.6 g/L by CC101, confirming its robustness and better tolerance to hydrolysate inhibitors. The engineered strain of C. beijerinckii overexpressing adhE2 and ctfAB should have good potential for producing butanol from lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysates.
Lu, C., Yu, L., Varghese, S., Yu, M., & Yang, S. T. (2017). Enhanced robustness in acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation with engineered Clostridium beijerinckii overexpressing adhE2 and ctfAB. Bioresource Technology, 243, 1000–1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.07.043