Odor and noise intolerance in persons with self-reported electromagnetic hypersensitivity

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Abstract

Lack of confirmation of symptoms attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and triggered by EMF exposure has highlighted the role of individual factors. Prior observations indicate intolerance to other types of environmental exposures among persons with electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS). This study assessed differences in odor and noise intolerance between persons with EHS and healthy controls by use of subscales and global measures of the Chemical Sensitivity Scale (CSS) and the Noise Sensitivity Scale (NSS). The EHS group scored significantly higher than the controls on all CSS and NSS scales. Correlation coefficients between CSS and NSS scores ranged from 0.60 to 0.65 across measures. The findings suggest an association between EHS and odor and noise intolerance, encouraging further investigation of individual factors for understanding EMF-related symptoms. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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APA

Nordin, S., Neely, G., Olsson, D., & Sandström, M. (2014). Odor and noise intolerance in persons with self-reported electromagnetic hypersensitivity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(9), 8794–8805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110908794

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