Oxidative degradation and mineralization of bentazone from water

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Abstract

Bentazone degradation efficiency and mineralization in water solutions using chlorine dioxide treatment were evaluated. Double distilled water and a river water sample spiked with bentazone were studied and compared after chlorine dioxide treatment. Degradation efficiency was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Daphnia magna toxicity testing and total organic carbon (TOC) analysis were used to ascertain the toxicity of the degraded solutions and mineralization degree. Bentazone degradation products were identified using gas chromatography with a triple quadrupole mass detector (GC-MS-MS). A simple mechanistic scheme for oxidative degradation of bentazone was proposed based on the degradation products that were identified. Decrease in D. magna mortality, high degradation efficiency and partial bentazone mineralization were achieved by waters containing bentazone degradation products, which indicate the formation of less toxic compounds than the parent bentazone and effective removal of bentazone from the waters. Bentazone degraded into four main degradation products. Humic acid from Sava River water influenced bentazone degradation, resulting in a lower degradation efficiency in this matrix (about 10% lower than in distilled water). Chlorine dioxide treatment of water to degrade bentazone is efficient and offers a novel approach in the development of new technology for removal of this herbicide from contaminated water.

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Pergal, M. V., Kodranov, I. D., Pergal, M. M., Avdin, V. V., & Manojlović, D. D. (2020). Oxidative degradation and mineralization of bentazone from water. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, 55(12), 1069–1079. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601234.2020.1816091

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