Choroidal Thickness in Women with Uncomplicated Pregnancy: Literature Review

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Abstract

Pregnancy is a time when many changes occur in a woman's body. The goal of these changes is the provision of optimum conditions for the development of the foetus. Pregnancy also affects eye physiology. Well recognized physiological changes include a reduced corneal sensitivity, an increase in its central thickness and curvature, and a decrease in intraocular pressure. The association between choroidal thickness and pregnancy is not clear. Haemodynamic and hormonal changes taking place during pregnancy and the question of whether these changes are reflected by choroidal thickness are especially important. It is assumed that the choroid, which is one of the most highly vascularized tissues characterized by the highest blood flow to tissue volume ratio in the whole body, should respond by an increase in its thickness to an increase in blood flow and drop in the value of peripheral resistance. Measurement of choroidal thickness using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) in women with uncomplicated pregnancy provides important information concerning the effects of physiological changes in the eye.

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Roskal-Wałek, J., Laudańska-Olszewska, I., Biskup, M., Gierada, M., & Odrobina, D. (2017). Choroidal Thickness in Women with Uncomplicated Pregnancy: Literature Review. BioMed Research International. Hindawi Limited. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5694235

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