Exercise oxygen flow titration methods in COPD patients with respiratory failure

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Abstract

We compare the adequacy of several titration procedures of oxygen flow in maintaining SpO2 > 90% during the activities of daily life in patients with very severe COPD. Thirty-one very severe COPD patients undergoing oxygen-therapy were recruited. Three titration methods were randomly performed: (1) 6-min walking tests; (2) cycle-ergometer constant work-rate tests at a load equivalent to 12 ml/min/kg of oxygen uptake; (3) one single constant work-rate test at 40 W 12-h pulse-oximeter monitoring was performed on four consecutive days with the following oxygen flow during exercise: 1 l·min-1 above the resting prescription (NOTT guidelines) and those established by the titration procedures. The time spent SpO2 < 90% was higher for the titration based on NOTT and walking tests than for the oxygen flow established by the constant work-rate tests at 12 ml O2/min/kg (22.1 ± 18.7, 20.8 ± 19.5 and 6.7 ± 12.7%, respectively). As for the oxygen uptake-based titration, the simplified procedure (a single exercise test at 40 w) generates longer times spent SpO2 < 90% and SpO 2 < 85%, although it maintains a SpO2 > 90% for more 90% of the time. In COPD patients, exercise oxygen flow titrations by NOTT guidelines or walking tests do not allow a suitable oxygenation during the activities of daily life. Two more adequate alternative methods, based on constant work-rate tests, are proposed. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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APA

Galera, R., Casitas, R., Martínez, E., Lores, V., Rojo, B., Carpio, C., … García-Río, F. (2012). Exercise oxygen flow titration methods in COPD patients with respiratory failure. Respiratory Medicine, 106(11), 1544–1550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2012.06.021

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