Cisplatin is currently the most effective antitumor agent available against bladder cancer. However, a majority of patients eventually relapse with cisplatin-resistant disease. Chemoresistance thus remains a major obstacle in bladder cancer therapy. To clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance in bladder cancer, we established a cisplatin-resistant subline from the human bladder cancer cell line HT1376 (HT1376-CisR), and conducted large-scale analyses of the expressed proteins using two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry (MS). Comparative proteomic analysis of HT1376 and HT1376-CisR cells revealed 36 differentially expressed proteins, wherein 21 proteins were upregulated and 15 were downregulated in HT1376-CisR cells. Among the differentially regulated proteins, adseverin (SCIN), a calcium-dependent actin-binding protein, was overexpressed (4-fold upregulation) in HT1376-CisR, with the increase being more prominent in the mitochondrial fraction than in the cytosol fraction. SCIN mRNA knockdown significantly reduced cell proliferation with mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in HT1376-CisR cells. Immunoprecipitation analysis revealed voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) to be bound to SCIN in the mitochondrial fraction. Our results suggest that the VDAC-SCIN interaction may inhibit mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant cells. Targeting the VDAC-SCIN interaction may offer a new therapeutic strategy for cisplatin-resistant bladder cancer. © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Miura, N., Takemori, N., Kikugawa, T., Tanji, N., Higashiyama, S., & Yokoyama, M. (2012). Adseverin: A novel cisplatin-resistant marker in the human bladder cancer cell line HT1376 identified by quantitative proteomic analysis. Molecular Oncology, 6(3), 311–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molonc.2011.12.002