OBJECTIVE<br />To study the change of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and its correlation with ketosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with acute ketosis intoxication. <br /><br />METHODS<br />A retrospective analysis was conducted for the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from August 2015 to January 2016. The patients combined with ketosis were included into diabetic ketosis group and the patients without ketosis were included into negative control group. The clinical data were collected from two groups including general data, blood pressure, liver function and the levels of blood fat, glycosylated hemoglobin, blood ketone, β-hydroxybutyric acid and CRP. The discrepancy of clinical data between two groups was analyzed. <br /><br />RESULTS<br />The levels of glycosylated hemoglobin [(11.6 ± 2.1)% vs. (8.3 ± 1.9)%], blood ketone [0.65 (0.3, 1.75) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 0.2) mmol/L], β-hydroxybutyric acid [0.595 (0.303, 1.775) vs. 0.08 (0.06, 0.15) mmol/L] and CRP [0.595 (0.303, 1.775) vs. 0.08 (0.06, 0.15) mmol/L] were significant higher than those of negative control group, while the levels of blood pressure, blood fat and aminopherase had no significant difference. The serum CRP levels showed positive correlation with blood ketone and β-hydroxybutyric acid (r = 0.490 and r = 0.478, respectively). <br /><br />CONCLUSIONS<br />Poor blood glucose control for a long time and strengthening inflammatory response are correlated with the status of acute ketosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The CRP levels in ketosis patients were significantly elevated and could be used to evaluate the degree of ketosis.
Hu, T.-X., Tan, Q.-Y., Ruan, Y., Ruan, Y., Wang, X.-J., Yao, J.-Q., … Wang, J. (2016). Study on the relationship of acute ketosis intoxication and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Acute Disease, 5(3), 232–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joad.2016.03.011