Effect of phenol formaldehyde resin as vulcanizing agent on flow behavior of HDPE/PB blend

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Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) based on High density polyethylene (HDPE)/polybutadiene (HDPE/PB=70/30 parts) blends containing 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10wt.% of dimethylol phenolic resin as a vulcanizing agent in the presence of SnCl2 as catalyst was prepared. The dimethylol phenolic resin was prepared in our laboratory. The blends were compounded in mixer-60 attached to a Haake rheochord meter-90. The rheological properties were measured at temperatures 140, 160, 180 and 200°C. The linearity of the flow curve appeared for 5% of the vulcanizing agent. The shear stress and shear viscosity have increased upon increasing the shear rate over a range of loading levels of vulcanizing agent of 1%, 3%, 5%, 7% and 10%. This may be attributed to the increased vulcanization between polyethylene and the rubber blend. The flow behavior index of the system shows a pseudo plastic nature behavior (since n<1). The consistency index (K) increased with the increase in the phenol formaldehyde resin content and the temperature. Hence, the increase in the value of the consistency index (K) of the polymer melts refers to more viscous materials prepared. The activation energy for the TPE blends fluctuated indicating that there is phase separation; where each polymer behaved separately. This study showed that HDPE/PB blends are characterized with good rheological properties, which can be recommended to be processed with the injection molding technique. © 2013 King Saud University.




Khalaf, M. N. (2014). Effect of phenol formaldehyde resin as vulcanizing agent on flow behavior of HDPE/PB blend. Journal of King Saud University - Science, 26(3), 190–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2013.12.002

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