Biosensors based on the principle of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) are surface-sensitive optical devices used for monitoring biomolecular interactions at the sensor surface in real time without any labeling. It is used in a wide variety of areas including proteomics, clinical diagnosis, environmental monitoring, drug discovery, and food analysis. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker of inflammation, which undergoes conformation changes in local lesions, leading to the formation of mCRP. Autoantibodies against mCRP are frequently detected in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and associated with disease activity and prognosis. An SPR immunoassay for CRP autoantibodies at complement factor H–CRP interface is described in this chapter.
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