The influence of acid treatments on the surface morphology and electrochemical corrosion behavior of strip-cast AM50 and AZX310 alloys have been studied in the present investigation. The alloys were acid treated using H3PO4 (AT-1) HF (AT-2) and HNO3 (AT-3) for different treatment durations viz., 60, 300 and 600 s. The acid treatments produced a surface layer consisting of corresponding magnesium salts of the acids and were confirmed from the X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX). AT-1 treatment produced cracked and network porous morphology for AM50 and AZX310 alloys respectively and AT-3 treatment exhibited dense creaked surface layer formation while AT-2 does not produce any significant change in the morphology. Polarization studies revealed that, the acid treatment significantly altered the corrosion process by altering anodic and cathodic reaction rates of AM50 and AZX310 alloys. The HNO3 (AT-3) treatment was effective compared to other treatments to control the corrosion rate in the studied treatment conditions. The surface morphology and chemical composition of surface layer produced during the treatment was correlated to explain the corrosion results.
Arthanari, S., Nallaiyan, R., & Kwang Seon, S. (2017). Electrochemical corrosion behavior of acid treated strip cast AM50 and AZX310 magnesium alloys in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. Journal of Magnesium and Alloys, 5(3), 277–285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jma.2017.08.001