Adherence to malaria rapid diagnostic test result among healthcare workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria

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Abstract

Background: Presumptive diagnosis and prescription of anti-malarial medicines to malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT)-negative patients is a common practice among health care workers (HCWs) in Nigeria. There is paucity of data on HCWs adherence to RDT result in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. The study was conducted to determine HCWs adherence to malaria test result and the influencing factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 262 HCWs selected by multistage sampling technique from primary and secondary health facilities in Sokoto metropolis. Data on demographic characteristics, adherence to RDT result and its influencing factors were collected from the HCWs. Adherence was categorized into good if adherence score is ≥ 4 and poor if otherwise. Chi-squared test was used to test association between adherence to test results and patients' fever presentation, expectation to be given anti-malarials, prior HCWs' case management training, among others. Independent predictors of adherence to RDT results were ascertained. Results: Respondents' mean age was 33.5 ± 7.9 years, 190 (72.5%) worked in Primary Health Care facilities, 112 (42.8%) were Community Health Workers, 178 (67.9%) had National Diploma Certificate. The median years of practice was 5.0 (IQR: 3-10) years, while 118 (45.0%) had at most 4 years of practice. Overall, 211 (80.5%) had good adherence to RDT results. About 108 (89.3%) of HCWs who had training on malaria case management and 35 (89.7%) certificate holders had good adherence to RDT results. Predictors of adherence to test results were presence of fever in the patient [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 2.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.18-5.43], patients' expectation to be given anti-malarial medicines by the HCW (aOR: 3.06, 95% CI 1.42-6.58) and having been trained on malaria case management (aOR: 2.63; 95% CI 1.26-5.44). Conclusion: High level of adherence to RDT results among HCWs in Sokoto metropolis could be attributed to prior malaria case management training and HCWs' confidence in the national treatment guidelines. Continual training and supportive supervision of HCWs on malaria case management might optimize the current level of adherence to RDT results in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. Similarly, patients/caregivers' health education could aid better understanding of the need for anti-malarials thus reducing unnecessary demand.

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Na’Uzo, A. M., Tukur, D., Sufiyan, M. B., Stephen, A. A., Ajayi, I., Bamgboye, E., … Ajumobi, O. (2020). Adherence to malaria rapid diagnostic test result among healthcare workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. Malaria Journal, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-019-3094-2

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