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Spanish Aurignacian projectile points: An example of the first European paleolithic hunting weapons in osseous materials

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Abstract

Projectile points constitute the main component of osseous equipment in the Spanish Aurignacian. Two different types follow one after the other chronologically: split-based points during the Early Aurignacian and then simple-based point during the evolved Aurignacian. With rare exceptions, antler is the chosen material to produce these projectile points. Contrary to bone work—which uses fragments recovered from food activities to make domestic tools—antler exploitation is unconnected to food activities and is instead driven by projectile production. This form of antler exploitation integrates, for the first time during the European Paleolithic, an organic material into the technical sphere. The limited availability of this material and the complex processes applied in its transformation, are reflected in the systematic shaping and resharpening of the projectile points. Issues surrounding these processes in Spanish Aurignacian split-based and simple-based points are outlined and discussed.

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Tejero, J. M. (2016). Spanish Aurignacian projectile points: An example of the first European paleolithic hunting weapons in osseous materials. In Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology (pp. 55–69). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-0899-7_5

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