Parathyroid Embryology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology of Primary Hyperparathyroidism

  • Arrangoiz R
  • Cordera F
  • Caba D
  • et al.
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Abstract

Unregulated overproduction of parathyroid hormone (PTH) from an abnormal parathyroid gland is the origin of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Patients who have an elevated serum calcium concentration have a problem in one or more of their parathyroid glands. To understand this disease state adequately and provide appropriate treatment, a thorough understanding of parathyroid embryology, anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology is essential. In this manuscript, we review our current understanding of parathyroid gland embryology, anatomy, histology, physiology, and pathophysiology.

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Arrangoiz, R., Cordera, F., Caba, D., Muñoz Juárez, M., Moreno, E., & Luque, E. (2017). Parathyroid Embryology, Anatomy, and Pathophysiology of Primary Hyperparathyroidism. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 06(04), 39–58. https://doi.org/10.4236/ijohns.2017.64007

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