Protected areas (PAs) are the main strategy to face the global deterioration of ecosystem goods and services due to human causes (Mora & Sale, 2011; Sanderson et al., 2002) and especially of biodiversity (Jenkins & Joppa, 2009; Pullin, 2002). Almost 150 years have passed since the designation of the first “modern” PAs, back in the XIXth century. Designation of PAs has growth rapidly since that date and especially since the last third of the XXth century (Jenkins & Joppa, 2009; McDonald & Boucher, 2011). Currently, there are over 120,000 nationally and internationally-designated PAs in virtually all the countries of the world (UNEP-WCMC, 2008). They covered about 31.235.000 km2 , over 21% of the global terrestrial (approximately 17,290,000 km2 ) and ice-covered area (some 13,950,000 km2 ) by 2010, according to the Wold Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), and continue to expand. Conservation has become one of the main land uses globally, with approximately 13% of land under some form of protection (Jenkins & Joppa, 2009; McDonald & Boucher, 2011). Vast human, material and economic resources are allocated to conserve and use sustainably the natural and cultural resources provided by PAs. And yet biodiversity and the other ecosystem goods and services continue to be lost (Butchart et al., 2010). As a result, PA management is receiving increasing attention as one of the key aspects for the effective conservation of PAs. In this chapter, different aspects related to PA management are discussed. It also tries to clarify some controversial concepts and to encourage the discussion on a number of challenging issues of interest for scientists, managers, policy-makers and conservationists.
Rodrguez-Rodrguez, D. (2012). New Issues on Protected Area Management. In Protected Area Management. InTech. https://doi.org/10.5772/48269