In the present paper, the historical overview of descriptions of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is applied as a case study to serve the demonstration of the persistence of dualisms in our current framework of neurosciences. First, the four main views on the ANS are briefly summarised, with an emphasis on the latest one, being the neurovisceral integration perspectives, striving for an integrative view on cognition, emotion regulation and physiological adaptation. Second, an explanation is offered on why we are so reluctant to give up the explanatory framework of dualisms, based on both developmental psychology accounts and postmodernism philosophy. To conclude, an attitude based on positivism and epistemological anarchism is suggested for scientists.
Pattyn, N. (2009). On the persistance of dualism in our so-called unified neurosciences: The case of the autonomic nervous system. Psychologica Belgica, 49(2–3), 101–110. https://doi.org/10.5334/pb-49-2-3-101