Recombinant viral vaccines expressing antigens of pathogenic microbes (e.g., HIV, Ebola virus, and malaria) have been designed to overcome the insufficient immune responses induced by the conventional vaccines. Our knowledge of and clinical experience with the new recombinant viral vaccines are insufficient, and a clear regulatory pathway is needed for the further development and evaluation of recombinant viral vaccines. In 2018, the research group supported by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan (MHLW) published a concept paper to address the development of recombinant viral vaccines against infectious diseases. Herein we summarize the concept paper—which explains the Japanese regulatory concerns about recombinant viral vaccines—and provide a focus of discussion about the development of recombinant viral vaccines.
Sakurai, A., Ogawa, T., Matsumoto, J., Kihira, T., Fukushima, S., Miyata, I., … Yamaguchi, T. (2019). Regulatory aspects of quality and safety for live recombinant viral vaccines against infectious diseases in Japan. Vaccine, 37(43), 6573–6579. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.08.031