Intracellular superoxide (O2(.-)) was manipulated in M14 melanoma cells by overexpression or repression of Cu/Zn SOD using a tetracycline-inducible expression system. Scavenging intracellular O2(.-) increased tumor cell sensitivity to daunorubicin, etoposide, and pMC540, whereas expression of the antisense SOD mRNA significantly decreased cell sensitivity to drug treatment. Whereas Cu/Zn SOD overexpressing cells exhibited higher activation of the executioner caspase 3 upon drug exposure, caspase 3 activation was significantly lower when Cu/Zn SOD was repressed by antisense expression. These data show that intracellular O2(.-) regulates tumor cell response to drug-induced cell death via a direct or indirect effect on the caspase activation pathway. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
Pervaiz, S., Ramalingam, J. K., Hirpara, J. L., & Clément, M. V. (1999). Superoxide anion inhibits drug-induced tumor cell death. FEBS Letters, 459(3), 343–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(99)01258-2