Manual medicine-osteopathy (MMO) is of keen interest among young doctors, generalists and specialists alike. Through a discerning semiological approach, MMO allows non-pharmaceutical physical treatments to be proposed for many musculoskeletal pathologies. In March 2007, some manual therapies (e.g., osteopathy), until then the exclusive preserve of physicians, were recognized in France as a part of the field of professional expertise of non-physicians. This new opening of the manual medicine profession must make non-physicians and physicians aware of their responsibilities.
Vautravers, P., Isner, M. E., & Blaes, C. (2010). Manual medicine – osteopathy in France organization – education – fields of expertise. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 53(5), 342–351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2010.05.001