Introduction: Depletion of Kupffer cells by gadolinium chloride (GdCl3) reduces the systemic response during sepsis. The study aim was to investigate the effect of this depletion on hepatic proinflammatory cytokine response to portal endotoxaemia. Methods: Sixteen Wistar rats were randomised to receive either saline IV (n = 8) or GdCl3 (10 mg/kg IV, n = 8) six days after bile duct ligation (BDL). 24 h later the animals were perfused for 2 h, using isolated hepatic perfusion. Aliquots of effluent perfusate were collected at 20-min intervals for cytokine analysis. Sections of liver were sampled and the hepatic Kupffer cell number of each group was measured using ED1 immunohistochemistry. Results: Pre-treatment with GdCl3 resulted in significantly reduced serum bilirubin concentrations but significantly elevated serum ALP and AST levels compared to the control group. It was also associated with a significant reduction in Kupffer cell numbers and a corresponding significant reduction in hepatic TNFα and IL-6 production in response to portal endotoxaemia. Conclusions: Pre-treatment with GdCl3 in jaundiced animals reduced Kupffer cell numbers, attenuated liver enzyme abnormalities and reduced TNFα and IL-6 in response to portal endotoxaemia. Hepatic Kupffer cells, therefore, play a significant role in the development of an exaggerated inflammatory response in obstructive jaundice. © 2012 Surgical Associates Ltd.
Jones, C., Badger, S. A., Hoper, M., Parks, R. W., Diamond, T., & Taylor, M. A. (2013). Hepatic cytokine response can be modulated using the Kupffer cell blocker gadolinium chloride in obstructive jaundice. International Journal of Surgery, 11(1), 46–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2012.11.008