Alcohol consumption and factors associated with binge drinking among female university students of health area

  • Mendonça A
  • Jesus C
  • Figueiredo M
  • et al.
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Abstract

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the pattern of alcohol consumption and the prevalence and factors associated with binge drinking among university students of health-related courses in Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed of 865 female students from two universities in the Brazilian Northeast. The instruments used were the AUDIT and a questionnaire used to collect sociodemographic data. The chi-square test and logistic regression were used, with statistical significance set at p-value < 0.05. Results: Risky alcohol consumption was evidenced in 16.4%, while the prevalence of binge drinking was 48.0%. Binge drinking was strongly associated with drunk driving (OR = 12.24) and living in a conflicting family environment (OR = 6.33). Binge drinking was a constant in students who engaged in fights, those who had problems with the law and among smokers. Conclusion: The high prevalence of risky alcohol consumption, binge drinking and the association of these with risky behaviors in students serve to guide future public policies on prevention.Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el patrón de consumo de alcohol, la prevalencia y los factores asociados al binge drinking entre estudiantes universitarias en el área de salud en Aracaju/SE. Métodos: Estudio transversal con 865 mujeres estudiantes de dos universidades del Nordeste brasileño. Los instrumentos fueron el AUDIT y las características sociodemograficas. Se utilizó la Chi-cuadrada y regresión logística, con nivel de significancia de 0,05. Resultados: El patrón de consumo de riesgo se muestra en el 16,4%, mientras que la prevalencia del binge drinking fue de 48,0% y fue también más fuertemente asociada con conducir en estado etílico (OR = 12,24) y vida familia conflictiva (OR = 6,33). La borrachera fue constante entre las estudiantes que participaron en peleas con agresión física o problemas con la ley y entre las fumadoras. Conclusión: La alta prevalencia de consumo de riesgo, binge drinking y su asociación con comportamientos de riesgos entre académicas sirven para orientar las futuras políticas públicas preventivas.Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o padrão de consumo alcoólico e a prevalência e fatores associados ao binge drinking entre universitárias da área de saúde em Aracaju/SE. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 865 estudantes do sexo feminino de duas universidades do Nordeste brasileiro. Os instrumentos foram o AUDIT e um questionário com características sociodemográficas. Empregou-se Qui-quadrado e regressão logística, com nível de significância de 0,05. Resultados: O consumo de risco foi evidenciado em 16,4%, enquanto a prevalência do binge drinking foi de 48,0%, e esteve mais fortemente associada com dirigir alcoolizada (OR = 12,24) e conviver em ambiente familiar conflituoso (OR = 6,33). O binge drinking foi constante entre as alunas que se envolveram em brigas com agressão física, problemas com a lei e entre tabagistas. Conclusão: A elevada prevalência do consumo de risco, binge drinking e a associação destes com comportamentos de risco entre as acadêmicas servem para orientar futuras políticas públicas preventivas.

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Mendonça, A. K. R. H., Jesus, C. V. F. de, Figueiredo, M. B. G. de A., Valido, D. P., Nunes, M. A. P., & Lima, S. O. (2017). Alcohol consumption and factors associated with binge drinking among female university students of health area. Escola Anna Nery, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1590/2177-9465-ean-2017-0096

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