Coral Calcification and Ocean Acidification

  • Jokiel P
  • Jury C
  • Kuffner I
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Abstract

Over 60 years ago, the discovery that light increased calcification in the coral plant-animal symbiosis triggered interest in explaining the phenomenon and understanding the mechanisms involved. Major findings along the way include the observation that carbon fixed by photosynthesis in the zooxanthellae is translocated to animal cells throughout the colony and that corals can therefore live as autotrophs in many situations. Recent research has focused on explaining the observed reduction in calcification rate with increasing ocean acidification (OA). Experiments have shown a direct correlation between declining ocean pH, declining aragonite saturation state (Ω arag), declining [CO 3 2À

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Jokiel, P. L., Jury, C. P., & Kuffner, I. B. (2016). Coral Calcification and Ocean Acidification (pp. 7–45). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7567-0_2

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