Evaluation of antioxidant activity of crocin, podophyllotoxin and kaempferol by chemical, biochemical and electrochemical assays

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Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the antioxidant potential of three natural origin drugs, namely crocin, kaempferol and podophyllotoxin by chemical, biochemical and electrochemical assays. The chemical assay was carried out by DPPH and reducing power assays while the biochemical assay evaluated the lipid peroxidation inhibition capacity, using brain cells as models; the electrochemical characterization was performed by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry using multi-walled carbon nanotube paste electrode (MWCNTPE) in 0.02 M acetate buffer (pH 4.5). The superoxide radical scavenging activity was performed at dropping mercury electrode (DME) in 0.1 M KCl. All the species proved to have antioxidant activity, and particularly, by the electrochemical techniques, it has been shown that these drugs showed scavenging ability on superoxide anion produced by electrochemical reduction of oxygen. The highest scavenging property of crocin may be due to the hydroxyl and glucose moieties that could provide the necessary component as a radical scavenger.

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Dar, R. A., Brahman, P. K., Khurana, N., Wagay, J. A., Lone, Z. A., Ganaie, M. A., & Pitre, K. S. (2017). Evaluation of antioxidant activity of crocin, podophyllotoxin and kaempferol by chemical, biochemical and electrochemical assays. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10, S1119–S1128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.02.004

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