Exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells

213Citations
Citations of this article
426Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

The functional mechanisms of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have become a research focus in recent years. Accumulating evidence supports the notion that MSCs act in a paracrine manner. Therefore, the biological factors in conditioned medium, including exosomes and soluble factors, derived from MSC cultures are being explored extensively. The results from most investigations show that MSC-conditioned medium or its components mediate some biological functions of MSCs. Several studies have reported that MSC-derived exosomes have functions similar to those of MSCs, such as repairing tissue damage, suppressing inflammatory responses, and modulating the immune system. However, the mechanisms are still not fully understood and the results remain controversial. Compared with cells, exosomes are more stable and reservable, have no risk of aneuploidy, a lower possibility of immune rejection following in vivo allogeneic administration, and may provide an alternative therapy for various diseases. In this review, we summarize the properties and biological functions of MSC-derived exosomes and discuss the related mechanisms. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Yu, B., Zhang, X., & Li, X. (2014, March 7). Exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms15034142

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free