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Abstract

Feeding responses of subterranean termites Coptotermes curvignathus (Holmgren) and Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae) to bait matrices supplemented with various sugars, amino acids, and cassava were evaluated both in the laboratory and Þeld. The results indicated that the two termite species consumed signiÞcantly different amount of Þlter papers that had been treated with various types and concentrations of sugars and amino acids. Based on con- sumption and survival data, Þlter papers with 3% glucose and 3% xylose were among the most consumed by C. curvignathus and C. gestroi, respectively. Both termite species consumed more of the Þlter papers treated with 3% casein than Þlter papers treated with L-alanine. Both species had a comparable survival rate compared with those in the controls. Results from laboratory and Þeld trials on bait prototypes indicated that C. gestroi consumed more bait prototypes containing cellulose, 3% xylose, 3% casein, and cassava, whereas C. curvignathus consumed more bait prototype containing cellulose,3%glucose, and cassava, than on pure crystalline cellulose baits. Thus, with an improved and cost-effective bait formulation, a much wider control of subterranean termite colonies could be achieved. KEY

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Pesigan, V., Sajap, A. S., & Sahri, M. H. (2013). Feeding Response of Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus and Coptotermes gestroi ( Blattodea : Rhinotermitidae ) to Baits Supplemented With Sugars , Amino Acids , and Cassava. Journal of Economic Entomology, 106(4), 1794–1801. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC12301

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