Female genital mutilation: A tragedy for women's reproductive health

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Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/FGC) constitutes a tragic health and human rights issue of girls and women in a number of countries, mainly in Africa. The practice has serious health consequences, both physical and psychological. Attempts to eradicate the practice have not been successful over the past few decades. Medicalisation of the practice has added to its propagation, and this is not valid from ethical and professional standpoints. Further efforts need to be exerted to eliminate the practice and alleviate the sufferings that millions of girls and women worldwide are unnecessarily subjected to. This article reviews the problem and discusses the consequences to health for women and girls, and suggests ways to eradicate the practice. © 2013 Pan African Urological Surgeons' Association.




Rushwan, H. (2013, September). Female genital mutilation: A tragedy for women’s reproductive health. African Journal of Urology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afju.2013.03.002

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