Design studies are underway for a variety of hypersonic flight vehicles. The National Aero-Space Plane will provide a reusable, single-stage-to-orbit capability for routine access to low earth orbit. Flight-capable satellites will dip into the atmosphere to maneuver to new orbits, while planetary probes will decelerate at their destination by atmospheric aerobraking. To supplement limited experimental capabilities in the hypersonic regime, computational fluid dynamics is being used to analyze the flow about these configurations. The governing equations include fluid dynamic as well as chemical species equations, which are being solved with new, robust numerical algorithms. Examples of CFD applications to hypersonic vehicles suggest an important role this technology will play in the development of future aerospace systems. The computational resources needed to obtain solutions are large, but solution-adaptive grids, convergence acceleration, and parallel processing may make run times manageable. © 1992.
Edwards, T. A. (1992). Fluid/chemistry modeling for hypersonic flight analysis. Computers and Mathematics with Applications, 24(5–6), 25–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/0898-1221(92)90038-J