The Use of Foam Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins: A Survey of the Members of the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim was to explore the current experience and practice of vascular surgeons in the United Kingdom and Ireland regarding foam sclerotherapy for varicose veins. Method: A postal questionnaire was sent to 609 members of the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Results: There were 281 responses (47%). Seventy surgeons (25%) used foam sclerotherapy. Most use it selectively; few (29%) offer it to all patients. It was more likely to be used for recurrent varices (71%), in older patients (61%) and for smaller non-saphenous varices (67%). The majority of surgeons (69%) used sodium tetradecyl sulphate and up to a maximum of 10-12 ml of foam. The majority used ultrasound guidance (95%), leg elevation (69%) and direct pressure over the saphenofemoral or saphenopopliteal junction during injection (63%). Eighty per cent used compression bandaging after treatment, usually for 7 days (44%). Ninety percent advised compression stockings, usually Class II (64%) for 14 days (39%). Serious complications were few, but eleven surgeons had seen a deep vein thrombosis, two had seen a patient with a stroke and one a transient ischaemic attack. Conclusion: Foam sclerotherapy was used by a quarter of surgeons who replied to the survey. Aspects of technique varied considerably and studies to determine optimal techniques are needed. Serious complications with the technique were rare. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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APA

O’Hare, J. L., & Earnshaw, J. J. (2007). The Use of Foam Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins: A Survey of the Members of the Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 34(2), 232–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2007.03.017

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