During the last two-decades significant efforts have been made to develop new forming-tools. Innovation in tool-structure designs has been a driving force to the development. Based on a review on tool-designs reported recently, innovative tool-structures/systems are classified, strategies and approaches for tool-design innovation are discussed, which is followed by introducing a new forming-tool concept. Finally, some issues on further development are outlined. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Qin, Y. (2006). Forming-tool design innovation and intelligent tool-structure/system concepts. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 46(11 SPEC. ISS.), 1253–1260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2006.01.013