Fractal analysis has been applied in many fields since it was proposed by Mandelbrot in 1967. Fractal dimension is a basic parameter of fractal analysis. According to the difference of fractal dimensions for images, natural landscapes and urbanscapes could be differentiated, which is of great significance. In this paper, two methods were used for two types of landscape images to discuss the difference between natural landscapes and urbanscapes. Traditionally, a box-counting method was adopted to evaluate the shape of grayscale images. On the other way, for the spatial distributions of RGB values in images, the fractal Brownian motion (fBm) model was employed to calculate the fractal dimensions of colour images for two types of landscape images. From the results, the fractal dimensions of natural landscape images were lower than that of urbanscapes for both grayscale images and colour images with two types of methods. Moreover, the spatial distributions of RGB values in images were clearly related with the fractal dimensions. The results indicated that there was obvious difference (about 0.09) between the fractal dimensions for two kinds of landscapes. It was worthy to mention that when the correlation coefficient is 0 in the semivariogram, the fractal dimension is 2, which means that when the RGB values are completely random for their locations in the colour image, the fractal dimension becomes 3. Two kinds of fractal dimensions could evaluate the shape and the color distributions of landscapes and discriminate the natural landscapes from urbanscapes clearly.
Wang, J. H., & Ogawa, S. (2015). Fractal analysis of colors and shapes for natural and urbanscapes. In International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives (Vol. 40, pp. 1431–1438). International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-7-W3-1431-2015