We present a series of 43 Neer type 2 fractures of the distal one-third of the clavicle. These displaced fractures are associated with a high incidence of non-union. In those patients treated non-operatively there was a higher incidence of local complications, residual shoulder dysfunction and non-union than in those treated by open reduction and internal fixation. We recommend that type 2 fractures should be treated by open reduction and internal fixation. © 1992.
Edwards, D. J., Kavanagh, T. G., & Flannery, M. C. (1992). Fractures of the distal clavicle: a case for fixation. Injury, 23(1), 44–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1383(92)90125-C